The Battle of Chalgrove
The Battle of Chalgrove 18 June 1643 of the English Civil War was led by Prince Rupert for the Royalists with three crack regiments and Rupert’s Lifeguard. Over 1,000 Royalist Horse engaged a similar number of Parliamentarian cavalry. Parliament’s forces consisted of three of the Earl of Essex’s troops of Horse, over 150 dragoons and 700 – 800 of Essex’s most senior officers, an approximation of 1,100 mounted troops.
It took place around 09:00 hours on the morning of 18 June 1643 in Chalgrove Field, northeast of Chalgrove in Oxfordshire. It was a Royalist victory and has become notable for the mortal wounding of Parliamentarian colonel, John Hampden, who died six days later of his wounds.